The Canadian Government

by Adrian Raeside

Boycott Canadian Seafood and
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More information . . .


Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO)

This is what they say about themselves . . .

Fisheries and Oceans Canada is the lead federal government department responsible for developing and implementing policies and programs in support of Canada's economic, ecological and scientific interests in oceans and inland waters.

This mandate includes responsibility for the conservation and sustainable use of Canada's fisheries resources while continuing to provide safe, effective and environmentally sound marine services that are responsive to the needs of Canadians in a global economy.

Including those who serve in our fleet, at each of the six regional offices and at headquarters in Ottawa, Fisheries and Oceans Canada employs approximately 10,000 people across the country.


The DFO sets the policies on seals and sealing. They have the power to end the hunt.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada is currently undertaking changes to the Marine Mammal Regulations through public consultations. Please check this webpage often to find out if there is a public meeting near you. Your opinion is important and is the only positive voice for the harp and hood seals.

You can read more about Seals and Sealing on their webpage: Understanding Seals and Sealing in Canada

To read more about these regulations, see the Marine Mammal Regulation information below.


Marine Mammal Regulations under the Canadian Fisheries Act

These regulations govern seals and sealing in Canada. The complete regulations can be read at the following link:  Marime Mammal Regulations



1. These Regulations may be cited as the Marine Mammal Regulations.


2. (1) In these Regulations,

"beluga calf" means a beluga that is dark in colour and less than 2 m in length, measured from the point of the upper jaw to the notch between the tail flukes; (veau de béluga)

"beneficiary" means a person who is a beneficiary under

( a ) the Agreement approved, given effect and declared valid by the Western Arctic (Inuvialuit) Claims Settlement Act, or

( b ) the Agreement approved, given effect and declared valid by the James Bay and Northern Quebec Native Claims Settlement Act ; (bénéficiaire)

"blinking reflex test" means a test administered to a seal to confirm that it has a glassy-eyed, staring appearance and exhibits no blinking reflex when its eye is touched while the eye is in a relaxed condition; (test de réflexe de clignement)

"blueback" means a hooded seal that has not moulted its blue coat; (jeune à dos bleu)

"bowhead calf" means a bowhead whale that is mottled in appearance and less than 7.5 m in length, measured from the point of the upper jaw to the notch between the tail flukes; (veau de baleine boréale)

"collector vessel" means a vessel greater than 19.8 m in length that is used to collect, transport or process seals or seal parts fished from vessels 19.8 m in length or less; (bateau de récupération)

"licence" [Revoked, SOR/93-336, s. 1]

"marine mammal" [Revoked, SOR/94-52, s. 1]

"narwhal calf" means a narwhal that is light in colour and less than 1.8 m in length, measured from the point of the upper jaw to the notch between the tail flukes; (baleineau)

"nuisance seal" means a seal that represents a danger

( a ) to fishing equipment despite deterrence efforts, or

( b ) based on a scientific recommendation, to the conservation of anadromous or catadromous fish stocks because it inflicts great damage to them along estuaries and in rivers and lakes during the migration of those species; (phoque nuisible)

"Sealing Area" means a Sealing Area illustrated and enumerated in Schedule III; (zone de pêche du phoque)

"strike" [Repealed, SOR/2003-103, s. 1]

"Subarea" has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Pacific Fishery Management Area Regulations ; (sous-secteur)

"whitecoat" means a Harp seal that has not begun to moult its white coat. (blanchon)

( 2 ) A reference in these Regulations to a species or group of species of marine mammals by its common name as set out in column I of an item of Schedule I shall be construed as a reference to the species or group of species whose scientific name is set out in column II of that item. SOR/93-336, s. 1; SOR/94-52, s. 1; SOR/2003-103, s. 1.


3. These Regulations apply in respect of the management and control of

( a ) fishing for marine mammals and related activities in Canada or in Canadian fisheries waters; and

( b ) fishing for marine mammals from Canadian fishing vessels in the Antarctic.

Complete Marine Mammal Regulations can be found at the following link:


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